Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning: Open Educational Resources: An Asian Perspective

by Gajaraj Dhanarajan (Editor), David Porter (Editor)
Contributors: Ishan Sudeera Abeywardena, Alvie Simonette Q. Alip, Patricia B. Arinto, Venkataraman Balaji, Tian Belawati, Roel Cantada, William D. Dar, Daryono, Gajaraj Dhanarajan, Minh Do, Sreedhar Ganapuram, Primo G. Garcia, V. Bharathi Harishankar, Uma Kanjilal, Asha Kanwar, Yong Kim, Mangala Sunder Krishnan, Udan Kusmawan, Li Yawan, Li Ying, Choo-Khai Lim, Naveed A. Malik, David Porter, Joane V. Serrano, Alex Jean-wah Wong, Tsuneo Yamada, Kin-sun Yuen
Publishers: COL, OER Asia (January 2013)
Categories: Monographs
ISBN: 9781894975612
Format: PDF (Portable Document Format)/Acrobat Reader
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Higher education has experienced phenomenal growth in all parts of Asia over the last two decades — from the Korean peninsula in the east to the western borders of Central Asia. This expansion, coupled with a diversity of delivery and technology options, has meant that more and more young Asians are experiencing tertiary education within their own countries. In South, South East and Far East Asia especially, universities, polytechnics, colleges and training institutes with a variety of forms, structures, academic programmes and funding provisions have been on an almost linear upward progression.

Notwithstanding this massive expansion, equitable access is still a challenge for Asian countries. There is also concern that expansion will erode quality. The use of digital resources is seen as one way of addressing the dual challenges of quality and equity. Open educational resources (OER), free of licensing encumbrances, hold the promise of equitable access to knowledge and learning. However, the full potential of OER is only realisable with greater knowledge about OER, skills to effectively use them and policy provisions to support their establishment in Asian higher education.

This book, the result of an OER Asia research project hosted and implemented by the Wawasan Open University in Malaysia, with support from Canada’s International Development Research Centre, brings together ten country reports and ten case studies on OER in the Asian region that highlight typical situations in each context. China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines and Vietnam all receive extensive treatment, as do the multi-regional initiatives of the Virtual Academy for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

While interest in and the production, distribution and use of OER are still very much in the early stages of development in most parts of Asia, OER’s potential value to improve the quality of curriculum, content and instruction, facilitate academic collaboration and enhance equitable access to knowledge resources cannot be overstated.

The 25 contributors to this book bring an impressive level and breadth of expertise, innovation and dedication to researching, developing and advocating for OER. Through a combination of quantitative studies and qualitative analyses, they provide valuable, instructive information and insights from throughout Asia. Open Educational Resources: An Asian Perspective demonstrates that OER development is thriving in Asia — in different economies, amongst different types of stakeholders and with varied approaches to open licensing.

The diversity and richness of the contexts and approaches make this publication an important advocacy tool for promoting the use of OER.



  Asha Kanwar


PART I: Overview

Higher Education and Open Educational Resources in Asia: An Overview
  Gajaraj Dhanarajan and Ishan Sudeera Abeywardena

PART II: Country Perspectives

Chapter 1: A Study on the Use of Open Educational Resources in China
  Li Yawan and Li Ying

Chapter 2
Open Educational Resources in Hong Kong
  Kin-sun Yuen and Alex Jean-wah Wong

Chapter 3: An Assessment of Individual and Institutional Readiness to Embrace Open Educational Resources in India
  V. Bharathi Harishankar, Venkataraman Balaji and Sreedhar Ganapuram

Chapter 4: Prospects and Challenges for Introducing Open Educational Resources in Indonesia
  Daryono and Tian Belawati

Chapter 5: Open Educational Resources in Japan
  Tsuneo Yamada

Chapter 6: Open Educational Resources in Korea
  Yong Kim

Chapter 7: Open Educational Resources in Malaysia
  Ishan Sudeera Abeywardena, Gajaraj Dhanarajan and Choo-Khai Lim

Chapter 8:The Genesis of OER at the Virtual University of Pakistan
  Naveed A. Malik

Chapter 9: OER in Philippine Higher Education: A Preliminary Study
  Patricia B. Arinto and Roel Cantada

Chapter 10: Open Educational Resources in Vietnam
  Minh Do

PART III: Case Studies

Chapter 11: Development of OER-Based Undergraduate Technology Course Material: “TCC242/05 Web Database Application” Delivered Using ODL at Wawasan Open University
  Ishan Sudeera Abeywardena

Chapter 12: Quenching the Thirst: Open Educational Resources in Support of Drought Mitigation at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  William Dar and Venkataraman Balaji

Chapter 13: Open Knowledge Initiatives in the Philippines: The Vibal Foundation
  Primo G. Garcia, Alvie Simonette Alip and Joane Serrano

Chapter 14: Establishing OER Practice in India: The University of Madras
  V. Bharathi Harishankar

Chapter 15: Digital Repository to Open Educational Resource Repository: IGNOU’s eGyanKosh
  Uma Kanjilal

Chapter 16: The Korean Open Courseware System
  Yong Kim

Chapter 17: National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL):OER and Beyond
  Mangala Sunder Krishnan

Chapter 18: Teachers’ Online Forum: An Online Interactive Forum for Sustaining Teacher Professional Development, by Universitas Terbuka
  Udan Kusmawan

Chapter 19: Opening Up Resources for Open Learning: The Open University of Hong Kong
  Alex Jean-wah Wong and Kin-sun Yuen

Chapter 20: Chinese OER Joins iTunes U: Beijing Open University
  Li Ying and Li Yawan

•  •  •

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